Glossary of Islamic Terms
-: S :-
Patience, endurance, self-restraint at the very earliest moment.
at the very earliest moment.
Charity; voluntary alms .
Companions of Prophet Muhammad
"Sound in isnad." A technical attribute applied to the "isnad" of a Hadith.
Salaf (السلف الصالح)
Righteous - predecessors, ancestors. In Islam, Salaf is generally used to refer to the first three generations of Muslims.
Salah (صلاة) or salat
Any one of the 5 daily obligatory prayers. The second Pillar of Islam .
Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam صلى الله عليه و سلم
"May the blessings and the peace of Allah be upon him." Expression typically used after stating the names of prophets and messengers.
Fasting during the month of Ramadhan.
A descendent of a relative (because all his sons Qasim, Abdullah, and Ibraheem
died before having children) to Muhammad
The expression of faith: La ilaha illa Allah.
Muhammadun rasulullah. ("There is no god but God. Muhammad
is the messenger of God."). The first Pillar of Islam .
"witness". More specifically refers to a person killed whilst striving in Islam, a martyr.
A spiritual master .
Tthe eternal ethical code and moral code based
on the Qur'aan and Sunnah; basis of fiqh .
Satan, the Devil; also known as Iblis
A follower of Prophet Muhammad and his successors (the twelve Imams), the
first being Ali. Shi'as constitute the second
largest sect in Islam. 14%
Majlis ash-shura (مجلس الشورى)
Life or biography of the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله
عليه و سلم
; his moral example - with hadith this comprises the sunnah .
Sunnah (السنّة) or sunnah al-Nabi (سنّة النبي)
The "path" or "example" of the Prophet Muhammad, i.e., what the Prophet did or said or agreed to during his life. He is considered by Muslims to be the best human moral example, the best man to follow.
The largest sect in Islam. 85%
Chapter; the Qur'aan is comprised of 114 suras .