11th Century CE - 4th & 5th Hijrah
1001:Mahmud Ghazanavi defeats the Hindu Shahis.
1004:Mahmud captures Bhatiya.
1005:Mahmud captures Multan and Ghur.
1008:Mahmud defeats the Rajput confederacy.
1010:Abdication of Hisham II in Spain. accession of Muhammad.
1011:In Spain Muhammad is overthrown by Sulaiman.
1012:In Spain power is captured by Bani Hamud. Death of the Buwayhid Baha ud Daula, accession of Sultan ud Daula.
1016:Death of the Zirrid ruler Nasir ud Daula Badis; accession of AI Muizz.
1018:In Spain power is captured by Abdul Rahman IV.
1019:Conquest of the Punjab by Mahmud Ghazanavi.
1020:The Buwayhid Sultan ud Daula is Overthrown by Musharaf ud Daula, Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Hakim, accession of Al Zahir.
1024:In Spain assassination of Abdul Rahman IV, accession of Mustafi.
1025:Death of the Buwayhid Mushgraf ud Daula, accession of Jalal ud Daula.
1029:In Spain death of Mustaft, accession of Hisham III.
1030:Death of Mahmud Ghazanavi.
1031:In Spain deposition of Hisharn III, and end of the Umayyad rule. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Qadir, accession of Al Qaim.
1036:Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Zahir, accession of Mustansir. Tughril Beg is crowned as the king of the Seljuks.
1040:Battle of Dandanqan, the Seljuks defeat the Ghazanavids. Deposition of Masud the Ghazanavid Sultan, accession of Muhammad. AI Moravids come to power in North Africa.
1041:The Ghazanavid Sultan Muhammad is overthrown by Maudud.
1044:Death of the Buwayhid Jalal ud Daula, accession of Abu Kalijar.
1046:Basasiri captures power in Baghdad.
1047:The Zirids in North Africa repudiate allegiance to the Fatimid and transfer allegiance to-the Abbasids.
1048:Death of the Buwayhid Abu Kalijar, accession of Malik ur Rahim.
1050:Yusuf b Tashfin comes to power .in the Maghrib.
1055:Tughril Beg overthrows the Buwayhids.
1057:Basasiri recaptures power in Baghdad, deposes Al Qaim and offers allegiance to the Fatimid Caliph.
1059:Tughril Beg recaptures power in Baghdad, al Qaim is restored as the Caliph.
1060:Ibrahim becomes the Sultan of Ghazni. Yusuf b Tashfin founds the city of Marrakesh. The Zirids abandon their capital Ashir and establish their capital at Bougie.
1062:Death of the Zirid ruler AI Muizz, accession of Tamin.
1063:Death of the Seljuk Sultan Tughril Beg; accession of Alp Arsalan.
1071:Battle of Manzikert, the Byzantine emperor taken captive by the Seljuks.
1073:Death of Alp Arsalan, accession of Malik Shah.
1077:Death of the Abbasid Caliph AI Qaim, accession of AI Muqtadi.
1082:The A1 Moravids conquer Algeria.
1086:Battle of Zallakha. The AI Moravids defeat the Christians in Spain. Death of the Rum Sejuk Sultan Sulaiman, accession of Kilij Arsalan.
1091:The Normans conquer the island of Sicily; end of the Muslim rule.
1092:Death of the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah, accession of Mahmud.
1094:Death of Mahmud; accession of Barkiaruk. Death of the Abbasid Caliph AI Muqtadi, accession of Mustahzir.
1095:The first crusade.
1099:The crusaders capture Jerusalem.