12th Century CE - 5th & 6th Hijrah
1101:Death or the Fatimid Caliph Al Mustaali, accession of Al Aamir.
1105:Death of the Seljuk Sultan Barkiaruk, accession Of Muhammad.
1106:Death of the AI Motavid Yusuf b Tashfin.
1107:Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Kilij Arsalan, succession of Malik Shah.
1108:Death of the Zirid ruler Tamin, accession of Yahya.
1116:Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah. accession of Rukn ud Din Masud.
1118:Death of the Seljuk Sultan Muhammad; accession of Mahmud II. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustahzir, accession of Mustarshid. In Spain the Christians capture Saragossa.
1121:Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Aamir, accession of AI Hafiz.
1127:Imad ud Din Zangi establishes the Zangi rule In Mosul.
1128:Death of the Khawarzam Shah Qutb ud Din Muhammad; accession of Atsiz.
1130:Death of the Seljuk Sultan Mahmud II; accession of Tughril Beg II.
1134:Assassination of the Abbasid Caliph Mustarshid; accession of Al Rashid. Death of the Seljuk Sultan Tughril Beg II, accession of Masud.
1135:Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph AI Rashid, accession of AI Muktafi.
1144:Imad ud Din Zangi captures Edessa from the Christians, second crusade.
1146:Death of Imad ud Din Zangi, accession of Nur ud Din Zangi.
1147:In the Maghrib AI Moravids overthrown by the Al Mohads under Abul Mumin.
1148:End of the Zirid rule' in North Africa.
1149:Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Hafiz, accession of AI Zafar.
1152:Death of the Seljuk Sultan Masud, accession of Malik Shah II. Hamadid rule extinguished in North Africa.
1153:Death of the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah I1, accession of Muhammad II.
1154:Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Zafar, accession of AI Faiz.
1156:Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Rukn ud Din Masid, accession of Arsalan II.
1159:Death of the Seljuk Sultan Muhammad II, accession of Gulaiman.
1160:Death of the Abbasid Caliph AI Mukta, accession of Al Mustanjid. Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Faiz, accession of Al Azzid.
1161:Death of the Seljuk Sulaiman, accession of Arsalan Shah.
1163:Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abul Mumin, accession of Abu Yaqub Yusuf.
1170:Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustanjid, accession of Al Mustazii.
1171:Death of the Fatimid Caliph AI Azzid. End of the Fatimids. Salah ud Din founds the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt.
1172:Death of the Khawarzam Shah Arsalan, accession of Sultan Shah.
1173:The Khawarzam Shah Sultan Shah is overthrown by Tukush Shah.
1174:Salah ud Din annexes Syria.
1175:The Ghurids defeat the Guzz Turks and occupy Ghazni.
1176:Death of the Seljuk Sultan Arsalan Shah, accession of Tughril Beg III.
1179:Death of the Abbasid Caliph AI Mustazaii, accession of AI Nasir. Shahab ud Din Ghuri captures Peshawar.
1185:Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abu Yaqub Yusuf, accession of Abu Yusuf Yaqub.
1186:The Ghurids overthrow the Ghaznvaids in the Punjab.
1187:Salah ud Din wrests Jerusalem from the Christians, third crusade.
1191:Battle of Tarain between the Rajputs and the Ghurids.
1193:Death of Salah ud Din; accession of Al Aziz. Second battleof Tarain.
1194:Occupation of Delhi by the Muslims. End of the Seljuk rule.
1199:Death of the Khawarzam Shah Tukush Shah; accession of Ala ud Din. Death of the AI Mohad ruler Abu Yusuf Yaqub; accession of Muhammad Nasir. Conquest of Northern India and Bengal by the Ghurids.