9th Century CE - 2nd 3rd Hijrah
800:The Aghlabid rule is established in North Africa.
803:Downfall of the Barmakids. Execution of Jafar Barmki.
805:Campaigns against the Byzantines. Capture of the islands of Rhodes and Cypress.
809:Death of Harun ur Rashid. Accession of Amin.
814:Civil war between Amin and Mamun. Amin killed and Mamun becomes the Caliph.
815:Shia revolt under Ibn Tuba Tabs.
816:Shia revolt in Makkah; Harsama quells the revolt. In Spain the Umayyads capture the island of Corsica.
818:The Umayyads of Spain capture the islands of Izira, Majorica, and Sardinia.
819:Mamun comes to Baghdad.
820:Tahir establishes the rule of the Tahirids in Khurasan.
822:Death of AI Hakam in Spain; accession of Abdul Rahman. II.
823:Death of Tahir in Khurasan. Accession of Talha and his deposition. Accession of Abdullah b Tahir.
827:Mamun declares the Mutazila creed as the state religion.
833:Death of Mamun. Accession of Mutasim.
836:Mutasim shifts the capital to Samarra. 837 Revolt of the Jats.
838:Revolt of Babek in Azarbaijan suppressed.
839:Revolt of Maziar in Tabaristan. The Muslims occupy South Italy. Capture of the city of Messina in Sicily.
842:Death of Mutasim, accession of Wasiq.
843:Revolts of the Arabs.
847:Death of Wasiq, accession of Mutawakkil.
850:Mutawakkil restores orthodoxy.
849:Death of the Tahirid ruler Abdullah b Tahir; accession of Tahir II.
852:Death of Abdur Rahman II of Spain;. accession of Muhammad I.
856:Umar b Abdul Aziz founds the Habbarid rule in Sind.
858:Mutawakkil founds the town of Jafariya.
860:Ahmad founds the Samanid rule in Transoxiana.
861:Murder of the Abbasid Caliph Mutawakkil; accession of Muntasir.
862:Muntasir poisoned to death; accession of Mutasin.
864:Zaidi state established in Tabaristan by Hasan b Zaid.
866:Mutasim flies from Samarra, his depostion and accession of Mutaaz.
867:Yaqub b Layth founds the Saffarid rule in Sistan.
868:Ahmad b Tulun founds the Tulunid rule in Egypt.
869:The Abbasid Caliph Mutaaz forced to abdicate, his death and accession of Muhtadi.
870:Turks revolt against Muhtadi, his death and accession of Mutamid.
873:Tahirid rule extinguished.
874:Zanj revolt in South Iraq. Death of the Samanid ruler Ahmad, accession of Nasr.
877:Death of Yaqubb Layth in Sistan, accession of Amr b Layth.
885:Death of Ahmad b Tulun in Egypt, accession of Khamar- wiyiah.
866:Death of Muhammad I the Umayyad ruler of Spain, accession of Munzir. Death of Abdullah bin Umar the Habbari ruler of Sind.
888:Death of Munzir the Umayyad ruler of Spain, accession of Abbullah.
891:The Qarmatian state established at Bahrain.
892:Death of the Samanid ruler Nasr, accession of Ismail.
894:The Rustamids become the vassals of Spain.
896:Death of the Tulunid ruler Khamarwiyiah; accession of Abul Asakir Jaish.
897:Assassination of Abul Asakir Jaish; accession of Abu Musa Harun.
898:Qarmatians sack Basra,